Stun Guns & Legal Self Defense

The Difference between Legal and Illegal Self Defense

Within many States it’s considered a crime to carry offensive weapons. Although firearms are permitted within homes and can sometimes be carried with a license, they are only permitted for use when the carrier is faced with a life or death situation. Over the years, this has led to many unprecedented prosecutions; many of which could have been avoided had an alternative weapon been used in place of a gun.

What is illegal self defense?

Illegal self defense can be deemed as any act of willing concealing, carrying, or using a weapon with the intent of causing harm or death. There is a fine line between what constitutes as legal self defense. If an individual carries a weapon with the intention of bumping into someone and then killing them by shooting or stabbing, then this is a criminal offense.

Where does legal defense come into things?

If an individual was to instead carry a defensive weapon such as a stun gun, pepper spray, or other accessory that can be used to deter a crime, then the consequences can be entirely different. Most rulings are based on the circumstances of the event. If an individual decides to use their device or defensive accessory on an unarmed person without due cause, then this can be considered a crime.

If the individual is faced with a threatening situation however, if they feel that their life (or someone else’s) is in danger, or if they have no other choice than to defend themselves, then it is typically seen as permissible to use force. There are some defensive tools that can help to ensure that they are only used when necessary – and even defending oneself with a firearm can have severe penalties when compared to carrying a stun gun.

This is why many citizens find carrying a stun gun helpful, or a can of pepper spray, as these devices are intended to debilitate an attacker without posing an immediate threat to life. By carrying them, an individual will be seen as intentionally arming themselves, but as the tools are defensive by nature, there aren’t many courts that will consider their use a criminal offense.

How to recognise the difference

There is one main rule of thumb that can be followed when practising self defense. If an individual is bearing arms in an attempt to cause harm intentionally to an individual, then this is an offense and the person may find themselves being prosecuted. If however, they are carrying a defensive device such as a tazer, a stun gun, or pepper spray, then these tools are considered defensive. As long as they are only used to protect the wielder from harm (or others at risk), then there is no offense – and the entire event may be considered self defense, as opposed to an assault.

Do I Need an HR Company to Help Restructure My Business?

Do I Need an HR Company to Help Restructure My Business?

Every year, thousands of businesses in Sydney make the change from small company to larger organisation. As soon as a firm takes on a set number of employees, they will be responsible for the management of them. As far as legislation is concerned, employees, property, equipment and finances all have one thing in common – and that’s they are all deemed as assets in the eyes of the law.

Failing to ensure that all assets are properly maintained and sufficiently equipped can be disastrous for a business and that is why so many company owners are considering hiring HR (or Human Resource) company to help them to manage their employees. There are two things to bear in mind at this point.

The first is that HR agencies aren’t an obligation and the second is that they can be a huge benefit

Do I Need an HR Company to Help Restructure My Business?

Although there’s no mandatory requirement to hire an HR company, regardless of how many employees are present – there are some advantages to taking one on. Most businesses will rely on their members of staff to carry out particular roles and it’s not uncommon for some roles to be obsolete, or for others to need special attention in favour of those that don’t.

Some companies prefer to implement departments to cater to their human resource requirements and although this can be beneficial – it’s possibly for an external agency to almost instantly identify any issues within a business in an unbiased manner and then suggest the best way to move forward.

What Do HR Companies Do?

When it comes to the overall management of employees on all levels, there’s no department better suited than one that specialises in human resources. These experts are often tasked with managing payrolls, hiring and dismissing employees, allocating new roles and introducing specific activities that can help a business to maximise its functionality.

Where restructuring is concerned, there’s nothing quite like learning that tens of thousands of dollars have been wasted on particular assets or roles – and this is where an HR agency can be so beneficial. They will be able to evaluate the performance of specific departments, hone in on the employees that are bringing the most to the table and then either suggest alternate roles for those that are struggling, or take care of the dismissal in the most beneficial way.

As most will have an extensive amount of training relating to the processes associated with dismissals, the likelihood of an unfair dismissal claim cropping up will be all but non-existent – and this in itself can be very reassuring to business owners. Furthermore, as the company will be third party in nature, it’s possible to terminate a contract with them at any time in favour of taking on a new service; or simply hiring them to enact a few processes and then continue without them.

Juvenile Criminal Law and the differences between criminal and civil law

What Are the Differences Between Criminal and Civil Law When Dealing With Juveniles?

Laws relating to the conduct and treatment of juveniles have been in place for over a century, with our ancestors having relied on them to be able to distinguish between a punishable offense and one that could be considered relatively minor in comparison. A lot has changed as time has gone by and where many crimes would often result in extreme punishments, including death, these days the legal system has taken somewhat of a different approach to the way in which people are convicted.

There are many types of juvenile law defense currently being practiced, but two of them in particular are far more common than others. They include criminal law and civil law.

What Is the Difference Between Criminal Law and Civil Law?

Of these two types of legal areas that apply to juveniles, there are a variety of factors that make them different in nature. The main difference is that criminal legislation applies to those that can be prosecuted for offenses that are deemed illegal and punishable by prison time; including murder, manslaughter, driving whilst under the influence and breaking and entering.

Any type of crime that could be considered a danger to human life, an infringement on an individual’s rights to live peacefully, or other similar events can result in criminal prosecution. Depending on the severity of the crime, as well as whether or not the person (or people) being prosecuted has been found guilty by a judge and jury; the sentencing will vary.

Where juvenile civil legislation differs is in the sense that it is applied to more personal, or communal matters in contrast to the defense of criminal juvenile law matters . Although there is a fine line between what may contribute to a criminal offense, in the majority of instances any prosecution that is being pursued as a result of a civil event will typically result in a fine, or some other type of similar punishment.

Is Civil Law Considered the Lesser Prosecution For Juveniles?

In some regions within the United States, civil action against a juvenile, a business, or an organization is considered the most productive way to obtain a ruling that likely won’t end in harsh penalty. For example, if a business owner was to terminate an employee’s contract due to unfair circumstances they may find themselves having to face a civil court judge.

If however, the business owner utilizes tools and office resources that fail to meet the right standard of performance, resulting in an unprecedented fatality, then they should instead expect to face criminal prosecution for negligence resulting in death. On the opposite side of the coin, if the owner instead murders an employee outright, then they will face criminal charges.

Criminal court is permitted to use all forms of evidence, whilst civil court is restricted in what can be deemed evidentiary in nature. For example in certain States of America, some civil proceedings may refute evidence presented in the form of film and CCTV in favour of still images and photographs; while in criminal proceedings, evidence in all forms can be presented.

Altering news for reputation management – is it moral?

What is Reputation Management?

In the past, before the days of the World Wide Web and a long time before the concept of digital reputations was a thing, most people in the public eye would have to rely on word of mouth as far as their reputation was concerned. These days the internet plays a major role in how people, or businesses, can be seen by others – and if a particular organisation develops the wrong type of reputation, then they could soon start to find their endeavours suffering as a result. This is where expert management options can be beneficial.

But what is reputation management and who does it apply to?

The first thing to consider is that every single person, no matter whether they are an individual or a global enterprise, will have a reputation in someone’s eyes. From an individual’s perspective, having a bad reputation in the eyes of a few isn’t that big of a deal – but where professional companies are concerned; anything less than the ideal image can be very detrimental.

In the simplest terms the management of a reputation is the act of encouraging a particular group, or demographic of people, to consider a particular entity highly. Online, where freedom of speech is rife and businesses can often find themselves on the receiving end of a negative review, doing everything possible to repair the damage should be a top priority.

It’s not just companies that can suffer however – there’s also a concern for those in the public eye. Celebrities, doctors and others that typically prefer a quality reputation can soon find the public opinion of them dwindling if they are attacked online, or spoken about poorly in general. The act of managing a reputation can help with this – and it will be the responsibility of an expert to repair their client’s image, whilst promoting a much more prominent reputation simultaneously.

Is It Possible to Leave a Poor Reputation in Place?

There are those that have thrown in the towel as far as repairing their image goes – but unfortunately in the majority of cases, this has led to irreparable damage. For example if a medical expert is accused of a false allegation and they don’t do anything about it, then the mere presence of the accusation can be damaging.

If a celebrity is exposed to the same type of slander, then they too could find their careers dwindling as the weeks go by. Businesses stand to benefit even more drastically and it’s not unheard of for particular industry leaders to have been hit so hard by poor reputations that they’ve had no option but to admit defeat.

The best way to avoid these events, regardless of the severity of the damage as a result of slander, false allegations, or even truth that has surfaced, is by hiring an expert that can help with the repair of a reputation

Alcohol physical addiction & dependence – Dilemmas of Responsibility

Often misbranded as a habit, alcoholism refers to a person’s innate need and addiction to alcoholic substances (including, but not limited to) most over-the-counter bottles of alcohol. Researchers investigating the causes and effects of alcohol recently discovered that the ethyl contained within substances of all grades can have an addictive effect on the human body – and with consistent consumption it can begin to affect the victim both emotionally and physically.

The physical symptoms of alcohol physical addiction & dependence

Although alcohol can have a drastic effect on the human mind – it’s the physical consequences that are the biggest cause for concern. When consumed infrequently, the human body is more than capable of expelling the toxins contained within alcohol. Over time however, and with repeat exposure, ethyl alcohol will begin to destroy cells within the kidneys and liver – two organs that are vital for regular bodily functions.

This can result in blood disorders as the immune system struggles to address the expansive volumes of toxicity, as well as organ failure – which has even been attributed to fatalities. Needless to say, in small doses the substance can be relatively harmless, but once a dependency is able to develop; the levels of damage caused can be irreparable.

Unfortunately, the only way for an individual to become free of their addiction is via undergoing extensive medical treatment. Rehabilitation centres are at the forefront of these treatments and they will often employ specialists to aid patients with both emotional and physical recovery. Depending on the severity of the addiction some people may find themselves vomiting and experiencing extreme nausea, while others may be able to be weaned off over the course of a few weeks.

In any event, failure to undergo treatment will typically result in one of the following two scenarios. The first will be that the person’s body develops a resilience to the drugs and as a result, it will crave an increasing level of consumption (which can end up being fatal). The second, and just as severe consequence, is that the person’s organs may struggle to function, resulting in failure – which as with the above scenario, will lead to eventual death.